Movie Spots “Spot One”

The picture is taken from: Pinterest; Credit: Ay Yapım.
Resim Pinterestten alınmıştır; Kredisi: Ay Yapım.


Series and movies always take a big place in our daily life; most of the time they make us influenced by the characters and the difficult or happy events that they experienced or went through. And sometimes we love the characters and become so attached to them that we begin to imagine ourselves as the one who’s performing the role. And oftentimes it ends up with us believing that the main character is us, and if they did something we don’t agree with, we start to feel bad, angry, and sometimes we cry saying why did they do that? I wasn’t expecting this to happen! They let me down. You disappointed me so much.

And after that, we come back to our real life, and start searching for the writer, the director, and even for the actor who was performing the character we loved. Some of us may continue watching the episodes, some may leave it, and some may not be even involved in anything; they’re just watching a series because of the main role, or because of the director who has nice works, or because of the writer who writes good novels. People are different from each other, but for me, I’m that type who gets so much into the story and when the movie or series ends, I have to admit it, I get stuck in that world for a couple days!

Here I decided to share the first Turkish series that I have been watching since it started till now! And when we talk about a Turkish series, this means a two and a half hour for each episode, which means a very very long time, especially when it has more than one season.

This Turkish series is called “Çukur” which means “The Pit”. It started on October 23rd, 2017. It has four seasons; the first season has 33 episodes. The second season has 34 episodes. The third season has 25 episodes, it should’ve been longer, but due to COVID-19 they ended it early. The fourth season ended on June 7th, 2021.

Now, moving to the story of this series; it’s an action, thriller, and crime. It’s talking about a place in Turkey called the pit, and this place is run by a mafia family called Koçovals.

I’m not going to explain more than this because if I did, I may ruin some ideas for the one who did not watch it yet. And to be honest when I decided to watch this series, I didn’t even know these few words that I wrote! I simply found my friends and teachers in school talking about this series and saying names that I had no idea about, so later when the second season was showing, I took a choice of watching it, and finished the first season, I think in three weeks, and was more than amazing!

Pictures are taken from: Pinterest, Instagram.
Pictures Credits: @cukurdizi / @ayyapim / @showtv / unknown.
Resimler Pinterest, Instagramdan alınmıştır.
Resimler Kredi: @cukurdizi / @ayyapim / @showtv / bilinmeyen.

Here are some of the photos for the main characters,

Actor: Aras Bulut İynemli.

Actress: Dilan çiçek deniz.

Actor: Erkan Kolçak Köstendil.

Actress: Boncuk Yılmaz.

This is the main photo of this series,

And here is the main sign that indicates the pit,


This sign has a big meaning, if you see someone carrying it, or having it as a tattoo on their hand or their neck, this means that they are from the pit.

It says,

The first “<” at the top means the roof; this means when you go through a problem and you knock the pit people’s door for help, they won’t let you down, and their house will be your house; this house roof will be your house roof.

The first point “·” means your home family; your mom, your dad, your sister, you need to protect them as you protect your eyes. They are the most important thing in your life.

The second point “·” means your outer family; your friends; they are ready to sacrifice their lives for you, and you too do the same for them.

The third point “·” means your big family; the Koçovals, the ones who protect the whole pit, they protect you and never leave you hungry, and you have to love and respect them.

The last “<” at the bottom means the pit by itself; your home, everyone has a home and as you enter this pit, then this is your home.

Now talking about the graffiti; the sentences that you see written on the pit walls. Some of them are actually carrying a deep message for us as viewers. And other times, they explain the feelings of some of the characters while they’re going through a tough time.

Here are some that I really liked,

“Believe what you have a need for.”

“If you didn’t go, we would’ve drink chocolate milk :)”

“Forget about the oxygen, your breath is enough to keep me alive.”

“I’m slowly burning for you but we’re in no hurry.”

“Let me stay by your side.”

“I cannot overcome some difficulties, would it be possible if I came to you?”

“If it’s up to me, stay with me.”

“Let’s talk once in a while.”

“Worry about me. I may not be okay.”

“I was talking with her from the depth of me.”

“You laughed, look where the subject got to.”

“You laughed in that way that made the subject change.”

“We are beautiful, all the others are ugly.”

“When the eye meets an eye, will it make the star spark?”

“The pit is small, the love is big.”

“Come let us be night with the daylight, come let us build a nest in the pit.”

“Since it wasn’t going to happen, why did it seem like it was happening?”

“It didn’t seem like it was happening. It didn’t happen already.”

“If only we’d read the script before we were born.”

“If the past still hurts, this means it didn’t pass.”

“There was excitement, but was it only us who didn’t live it?”

“While not happening, we forced. While forcing it didn’t happen.”

“We had a future to come. It didn’t come.”

“Isn’t there any beautiful lie to believe?”

“Well, those things don’t work like that.”

“Even destiny doesn’t laugh anymore.”

“If destiny doesn’t make you laugh, it means you didn’t understand the joke.”

“It wasn’t enough from our pockets. We gave from our youth.”

“Let our beautiful dreams rest in peace.”

“Uncle, put my dreams in a trash bag, don’t let anyone see them.”

“Even dreams became a dream.”

“Dreams looked like a bursting crack.”

“It is good like this.”

“My loved ones have always left traces I don’t like.”

“They always upset me from places I never expected.”

“Everyone who has opened their heart lost.”

“I don’t regret the mistakes I made, my only regret is the right things I did for the wrong people.”

“I cared, and thought maybe it was worth it.”

“I’m looking for myself, did anyone see it?”

“Bodies lost in causes.”

“This is not my first death.”

“I haven’t been able to fly for some dreams.”

“Everyone is asleep, why are we awake?”

“I had a change, why did you waste yourself?”

It’s kind of a Turkish proverb, meaning like if I knew you were cheap then I could’ve exchanged you, and you didn’t have to sell yourself.

“You’re my pit, even though I know, I jumped.”

“You’re like the pit honey, I fell once and couldn’t escape out anymore.”

“There was something, like there was nothing.”

“My mind is coming out of me, and she’s still not getting out of it.”

“There are still some places we didn’t laugh in together.”

“Because you and I didn’t drink tea in front of the pit, this made me blaze on fire.”

“We loved; I wish it just ended with this.”

“We have loved beautifully, but they hurt us horrifically.”

“Thought you loved me, but my feelings didn’t reach the depth of me.”

“I became one in my world but I still couldn’t be in yours.”

“Everyone kills their love.”

“If you’re going to be with two faces, at least make a good one.”

“No need to explain!”

“I won’t die before getting my revenge.”

“You made us bad.”

“I’m down a little but I’ll make it.”

“The best thing is to throw it inside ourselves.”

“Whatever, we will throw it inside us again.”

“We should not do too much.”

“The logic died, the living thing is madness.”

“I don’t get wise, you go crazy.”

“Whatever, everyone got crazy, we’re not getting attention anymore.”

“Have we gone crazy for nothing?”

“I came from space, I’m tired.”

“We got a little crazy.”

“We go crazy but never go back.”

“We ate our minds, and are still scraping off the bottom.”

“Life is blue, same like oranges.”

It’s like my mind is different. So orange is blue because I want to see it blue!

“Don’t fall, dream!”

“Even though you become a hero in every novel, you get tired the most in your own story.”

“Don’t be sad because it ended, be happy because it’s been lived.”

“We don’t remember the days, we remember the moments.”

“Every yesterday is an old tomorrow.”

“Life is short, your smile is so beautiful.”

“We just need to smile a little bit.”

“Laughing will suit us someday.”

“Smile, you’re in the pit.”

“Happiness is in the pit, the pit is in your cheeks.”

“Have you ever drank tea in the pit?”

“Cowards are halfway, braves are in the pit.”

“We were alone, but we weren’t wrong.”

“Come, let me teach you how to play with fire.”

“Skip everything but don’t ignore us.”

“If you come then come. If you don’t, who cares.”

“The rest? Let those who left behind think of it.”

“Troubles will pass, rest your back.”

“Don’t push, I’ll go by myself.”

“Don’t draw me a heart, pour me some tea!”

“We’re running out, but we’ll come.”

“Maybe nothing went right, but nothing got me out of my way.”

“I don’t leave here, without wonder I’m a compass.”

“Don’t live your life in a draft, you may not have time to clean it.”

“It’s clear what happened to someone, but it’s not clear at all what will happen to whom.”

“Don’t lose yourself to win someone.”

“Don’t get used to anyone.”

“Sadness is our father’s job.”

“What did the poet say? If nothing comes, morning comes.”

“We missed the end of the rope again.”

“Yes, we lost.”

“There is a pit between the corner of your lip and your cheek… Let them bury me there.”

“We’re not beside a man, we are beside an idol.”

“Vartolu always finds a way.”

“If there is no problem, then there is a problem.”

“Family is everything.”

“Where the family is, there is the home.”

“The homeland is the family, and the family is everything. Sorry for our loss.”

The meaning of it is, the pit people count their homeland as a family, and count the family as everything they own, and because in this tv show everyone lost their own family, so they lost everything in this life.

“We turned off the lights, anyone who wants to find us should burn themselves.”

“We need new enemies, the old ones became our fans.”

“My coming back will be amazing.”

“This silence is not a good sign.”

“Why didn’t the rich ones tell us when they were getting rich?”

“Don’t look for the enemy outside, the enemy is inside our house.”

“You won’t even get a chance to look back as you run away.”

“What made you laugh yesterday, can kill you today.”

“A ghost is wandering around the pit.”

In the meaning of because of the much pain that the person went through, he became like a ghost, just wandering around without doing anything.

“My window opens to pain, not happiness.”

“If I planted trees instead of stitching up my wounds, the world would’ve become a forest.”

“I don’t have a branch to hold on to anymore, they cut them all.”

“How will you know what I’m going through?”

“Some lies are really nice to believe.”

“May god make you fall into someone and fall into the pit.”

“If Monday is beautiful, you are the reason.”

“I loved you, and loved the way of loving you.”

“When I look at you I feel like I’m home.”

“Your laugh turns the balance of the city upside down. You laugh, and I will rebuild the city.”

“Beautiful things take time.”

If you make it till the end, then this series must have grabbed your attention. I’ll leave you the link of the playlist that I made on my youtube channel for the whole episode. I unfortunately don’t have it translated because the videos I put, are already from the original “Çukur” channel.

Here is the youtube link

Hope you enjoy it!

Film Appreciation Chapters Summary 1-9

  • Chapter One (Looking At Movies)
  • The Implicit Meaning: The deep meaning of the movie, or the message that the director wants the viewers to get.
  • The Explicit Meaning: The outside meaning of the movie that is clear and shown to the viewers.
  • Chapter Two (Principles of Film Form)
  • Plot, Attraction, Theme, Acting, Dialogue, Cinematography, Editing, Sound, Directing.
  • Chapter Three (Types of Movies)
  • Movie Type: What type the movie might be (Action, Mystery, Adventure, Thriller, Crime, Horror, Fantasy, Drama, Comedy, Romance, Biographical, Documentary, War, History, Western, Noir, Animation, and Science Fiction).
  • Chapter Four (Elements of Narrative)
  • Story Telling, Context.
  • Chapter Five (Miss-en-scene)
  • Setting: The place where the movie was taken.
  • Prop: A project that the character carries.
  • Lighting: The type of lighting that was used in the movie, if it’s dim or light.
  • Costumes: The outfits that the characters wear.
  • Makeup: The types of makeup that were used.
  • Chapter Six (Cinematography)
  • Close-Up: It’s a used technique to show the reactions on the character’s face in a close way.
  • Extreme Close-Up: A very close technique to show the very close features.
  • Extreme Long Shot: It’s a shot that covers a wider area.
  • Dolly Shot: It is looking at the subject and walking toward or it could be also following along the subject.
  • Crane Shot: It is a shot taken by a camera on a moving crane or jib.
  • High-Angle Shot: It is a cinematic technique where the camera looks down.
  • Low-Angle Shot: It is a shot from a camera angle position anywhere below the eye line.
  • Medium Shot: It is called a waist shot, it is a camera angle shot from a medium distance.
  • Point of View Shot: Seeing how the character is looking at a place or something.
  • Diegetic Sound: Is a song or music that is in the world of a film.
  • Non-Diegetic Sound: Is a song or music that is not in the world of a film.
  • Side Lighting: A light that is from one side of the photography subject.
  • Back lighting: A light that is from behind the photography subject.
  • Chapter Seven (Acting)
  • Characters: The actors who play roles in a movie.
  • Performance: It is how professional a level of acting is.
  • Chapter Eight (Editing)
  • Continuity Editing: It is the process of combining more-or-less related shots.
  • Discontinuity Editing: It is where the film doesn’t follow the conventional chronological order, the movie might use a flashback or when a film starts at the end or at the middle of things.
  • Parallel Editing: It is a technique of alternating two or more scenes that often happen simultaneously but in different locations.
  • Rhythm of Editing: It is when the relations between shots functions to control film pace.
  • Match Cuts (Verbal/Visual): It cuts from one shot to a similar shot by either matching the action or the composition. It could be visual; like someone imagining an action in some place but then realizing he was back to real life. Or verbal; like someone screaming and then the director put the train sound similar to the screams sound.
  • Shot/Reverse Shot: It is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character.
  • Types of Transition:
    • Cut: An abrupt film transition from one sequence to another.
    • Fade in/out: A transition to and from a blank image.
    • Dissolve (overlapping): Gradual transition from one image to another.
    • Wipe: One shot replaces another by traveling from one side of the frame to another.
    • Iris: Circular masking closes the picture to a black screen.
  • Chapter Nine (Sound)
  • Music: The music that is made especially for the movie, like the “Godfather” music.
  • Background: Different song, music that is used in the movie scenes.
  • Sound Effect: The effects that the director uses to make the viewer get more in the movie world.

For the next category in my website, please visit this link English

Film Appreciation Exam Two Part Two Chapters 8-11

Watch “Witness” movie, then answer the questions below.

1. The “Witness” movie is a “genre mixer” motion picture. Your instructor has identified at least three genre types in the movie. Which ones do you see? (Cite pages from the textbook for optimal points)

  • According to the book on pages 71-72-73-77 there are three main types of movies: Narrative Movies, Documentary Movies, and Experimental Movies.
  • So according to the book I assume this movie type is an Experimental Movie, because it talks about the Amish culture. But it wasn’t having much dialogue to be narrative. Secondly, it wasn’t showing real events to be documentary.
  • According to the book on pages 91-93-96-99-102-105 there are six major American genres: Gangster, Film Noir, Science Fiction, Horror, The Western, The Musical.
  • So According to the book I assume this movie genre is Film Noir, because the movie was crime and drama at the same time.
  • Now for me without the book, the types and genres that I saw in this movie are:
    • First, Suspense, because from the beginning seeing someone getting killed in the bathroom while a kid watching inside, is just to grab everyone’s attention.
    • Second, Thriller, someone got killed with no clear reasons.
    • Third, Crime, a crime happened and they are investing in it.
    • Fourth, Drama, seeing another culture, stairs, smiles, etc…
    • Fifth, Romance, an Amish woman fell in love with an English man.

2. The first scene of the movie – is – what? What is its significance to the narrative?

  • The first scene was a slow introduction to the Amish culture.
    • The director first showed us a long grass. Then a few seconds later, we started seeing people walking between this long grass, wearing black clothes. Few seconds and a horse trolley appears. Then again, heads putting black hats appear from between the long grass, in here, we start understanding that they are Amish people.
    • Then a lot of horse trolleys pass again, and a lot of Amish men and women wearing all black and putting hats walking to a house in their village. Then we see “Pennsylvania 1984”. After that, we see some of these Amish people staring silently, and some are crying. Finally a pastor appears praying saying unclear words, standing in front of a coffin. And here we start to see the Amish people’s culture, and we figure out that all of this is a funeral ceremony.
  • The movie’s significance to the narrative is showing viewers or the audience the culture of the Amish people, where they live, what they wear, and how they look. We could say here that the director used the “Narration” component, which means the act of telling a story. To introduce us silently with music to the Amish culture.
  • The director didn’t use the “Narrator” component, because there was no one speaking or telling us the story, we were just watching and became able to understand without anyone speaking.

3. Pages 130-135 (fifth edition) cover the Narrative Structure of a motion picture. Trace the narrative structure of WITNESS. Pay special attention to all the elements in Figure 4.1 (Narrative Structure Schematic) and identify them in your response.

  • Setup: (Introduction): The Amish Culture in their village with their different typed clothes and hats, and the men’s beards.
  • Inciting Incident: The Amish buy who was called Samuel witnesses a murder in the train station bathroom in Philadelphia.
  • Conflict and Obstacles: John knows from Samuel the real killer, and tells the police chief about that. McFee tries to kill John and shoots him in his chest.
  • Rising Action and Stakes: Crap warns John not to come back/Rachel’s father sees her dancing with John and warns her she might be shunned if she continues to fall in love with him.
  • Crisis: John knows that the cops killed his best friend Crap/John beats up a group who are bullying the pacifist Amish.
  • Climax: The police chief and McFee with their partner come to the Amish village with their guns to kill Book.
  • Resolution: (End): Book says goodbye to Samuel and Rachel, then goes back to his world.

4. There is a “clash of cultures” in this movie, which the director illustrates excellently with non-diegetic sound, mise-en-scene, and cinematography. Identify and explain a scene in the movie where an Amish person is exposed to “English” culture, and where an “English” person is exposed to the Amish way of life. How does the director accomplish this? (Need two examples for complete credit.) What might make this particular director uniquely qualified to present this in the film?

  • The scene where an Amish person is exposed to “English” culture is when John Book beats up a group that was bullying the Pacific Amish.
  • Another example is when the chief of police and McFee come to the Amish village with guns to kill John Book.

– These both scenes are so good to show the Amish people the life of the “English” man. Because they are a type of people who are so far away from murder, guns, and things that bring fear to them, and this English man carries gun with him as a police officer.

  • The scene where the “English” person is exposed to the English way of life is, when John Book works with the men for building the wooden house (the barn-raising scene).
  • Another example is when Rachel’s father tells John Book to take the milk from the cow.

– These both scenes are so good to show the “English” person the life of the Amish people. Because John Book, who is a police officer, lives in a house that is in a city, not in a village that has cows to take milk from. And also the culture of the Amish people is a type that helps each other, and do care about each other, and this is what John sees when he helps them with building the wooden house, and how they handle him the lemonade to not feel thirsty.

  • There are so many other examples that John Book saw in the Amish culture. Like, the phones that the Amish people don’t use. The prayers they say before eating their meals. How girls don’t make relationships with boys. The clothes and the hats they wear.

5. Discuss how the director of cinematography, the set director, and the people in charge of costumes and props help establish Mise-En-Scene in the following scenes:

In the police station (scene 5, positive ID) where Samuel (Lukas haas, the WITNESS) identifies McFee (Danny Glover) to John Book (Harrison Ford) as the murderer.

Book’s first full day in Amish Country (scene 8, plain John) after he’s recuperated from the gun wound.

The barn-raising scene (scene 11). Additionally, in this scene, describe the eyeline match cuts that you see. What do they mean? (Isn’t it amazing how much Weir can convey without using words!)

  • In the police station scene: the director didn’t use any dialogue, he only used eye contact and the characters’ face reactions. First he shows us the kid going around between the officers that were sitting in the office. Then slowly, the director shows us Samuel approaching, looking from the glass at the picture that had McFee. The director used light lighting, it wasn’t dim. Also he used the close-up to show us the features of Samuel’s innocent face. Of course with his cute Amish clothes and his lovely circled hat that was the prop. Then the director shows us Samuel looking at John Book using scary features. So John Book understands that Samuel found the killer, ending his call, approaching slowly to Samuel, looking at the picture. Then Samuel points on the picture in the meaning of “That’s him” and slowly John makes Samuel put his finger down, putting his hand on his shoulder.
    • The setting: the police office.
    • The prop: Samuel’s hat.
    • The lighting: light.
    • The costumes: Samuel: Amish clothes./John: the police office clothes.
    • The makeup: Samuel: innocent features./John: normal features. (the makeup in this scene wasn’t used that much, but we can see that both of them were shocked).
    • The shots: close-up shot, extreme close-up, dolly shot, medium shot, point of view shot.
    • The sounds: diegetic sounds, non-diegetic sounds.
  • In the Book’s first day in Amish country scene: the director uses a dialogue between John and Samuel. Samuel was showing John how the water goes to the wheel and makes it turn around, and goes to the wire, and then to the well, then to the house. Then later John sees the corn place and carries Samuel’s kittens. Later he takes the milk from the cows. Now in these scenes, the lighting was light and dim, it depended on the place. Like when John was with Samuel and saw the wheel the lighting was light. But when he saw the corn place, the light was a little bit dim. And in the cows scene, the lighting was more dim.
    • The setting: the house garden, the barn.
    • The prop: Amish clothes, the straw hat.
    • The lighting: light, little dim, dim.
    • The costumes: for all: Amish clothes.
    • The makeup: (the makeup in these scenes wasn’t used that much, just normal features).
    • The shots: close-up shot, dolly shot, high-angle shot, low-angle shot, medium shot, point of view shot.
    • The sounds: diegetic sounds.
  • In the barn raising scene: the director also didn’t use any dialogue. He used non-diagenetic music, showing us how hard the men were working under the sun. The lighting in the scene was light too. The clothes that the men were wearing were similar with the circled sailor hats. The director showed us how everyone was working hard, they were all helping each other. He used a type of make up that makes the character look sweaty because of the hot weather. Also one part in the scene that was lovely, is when John was standing working up, and they were beside him, giving help and smiling to each other. Also the other part that really made me feel that they were working so hard, is when the lemonade came and they started passing the glass to each other, and each one took a small sip. This scene really makes the viewer believe how tired they were and how friendly they are.
    • The setting: the land where they worked.
    • The prop: Amish clothes, the straw circled hats.
    • The lighting: light.
    • The costumes: for all: Amish clothes.
    • The make up: all of them were sweating and tired and thirsty.
    • The shots: close-up shot, extreme long shot, dolly shot, low-angle shot, medium shot, point of view shot.
    • The sounds: non-diegetic sound.
  • For the eyeline match cuts: there was one, between John and Rachel. Other one was between Rachel and Samuel. Another one, between John and Daniel.

– As an overall, the scene was wonderful. It gave me the feel that the world is still okay. I wish time can go back where people’s hearts were better than now. Where people used to love, help, and care about each other.

6. Explain the framing of shots, camera angles and height, camera movement (shot type). Framing, and point of view and shot/reaction shot in the (Breaking the Rules No.10) “Wonderful World” scene in this movie. (Incidentally, Harrison Ford did the choreography for this scene.)

– This scene is the cutest scene in the whole movie, I really loved it.

  • At the beginning while the song started which is a diegetic element we see both of them John and Rachel sitting in the car. We see the camera taking a medium shot in this part of the scene.
  • Then when John stands up and starts singing, we see the camera go up with him. Then the director used a close-up shot on Rachel‘s face, and also a single shot. Then the camera moved with John while he was walking, so the director used the dolly shot.
  • Then we see John and Rachel looking at each other, so here we assume that the director used the point of view shot, because we see John’s face in a shot, then Rachel‘s face in another shot. and also at the same time we can say that the director used the shot/reverse shot in this part of the scene.
  • Then while they were dancing together, the director used the extreme long shot, so he showed us them from a far shot. Also at the same time, he used a high-angle shot, because the camera was capturing them from up in the left corner.
  • While John was living in the moment and dancing around Rachel, the camera was moving very slowly with him. We can assume that the camera was not using the left or right corner, it was taking the shots in the middle.
  • The camera in the dancing part, was using the over-the-shoulder shot going from left to right, and right to left, but in a slow motion so that we get into the scene so deeply. It also was going up and down but also slowly.
  • The director used the close-ups and shot/reverse shots many times, especially while both of them were dancing and looking at each other. When Rachel‘s father came, the director used the two shots showing John and Rachel in it.

– This scene is so warm, so cute, so innocent, and so beautiful. I really loved it very much. I repeated it more than twice, and each time I see it again, I smile with no reason. I also saved the song, I like this type of old songs very much.

7. Same scene — what kind of shooting and editing does the film’s director of cinematography and editor (John Seale and Thom Noble) use to accomplish the objectives here?

  • The editing in the scene:
    • The director used the continuity editing.
    • The rhythm of editing was slow, so it can make the viewers feel quiet, relaxed, calmed, and happy from inside, with a light smile on the face. It also makes them feel like taking a break off of life.
    • The director used the shot/reverse shot, while both John and Rachel were dancing.
  • The types of transition that were used:
    • Only the cut transition.

8. Who is the composer of the music for this film? How is music used in this film (Hmmm… the Amish don’t have an orchestra do they?)

  • The composer of the music for this film is Maurice Jarre.
  • The Amish people don’t listen to music at all.
    • So all of the music that was used in the film was non-diagenetic, except one, which was the scene I liked the most, when John and Rachel danced together. This scene had a dietetic music from John’s car radio.

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapters summary 1-9, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Exam Two Part One For Chapters 8-11

  1. 1. According to the text, even though every movie employs narrative in some form, what primarily affects how stories presented?
    1. – Cultural values
    • – Cinematic creativity
    • – Cinematic language
    • – Formal analyses
  2. 2. According to the text, if someone asked you to interpret a film or “say something arguable about it”, what kind of “meaning” are they looking for?
    • – Conventional
    • – Fundamental
    • – Implicit
    • – Explicit
  3. 3. Match the person with the movement or trend in movie-making with which he or she is most closely associated.
    1. – German Expressionism
    2. B.
    3. FW Murnau
    4. – Soviet Montage Movement
    5. C.
    6. S Eisenstein
    7. – French New Wave
    8. D.
    9. A Bazin
    10. – Dogme 95 Movement
    11. A.
    12. von Trier
  4. 4. The analysis and shot breakdown in Chapter 2, the “ice-break” scene from D.W. Griffith’s Way Down East (1920), rivals what formal pattern?
    1. – Repeated close-ups to emphasize Lillian Gish’s beauty
    2. – The technique of parallel editing
    3. – The contrasting of light and dark
    4. – Repeated long shots to establish setting
  5. 5. Diegetic sound:
    1. – is usually synchronous
    2. – is added in postproduction
    3. – includes narration and the musical score
    4. – originates from a source within the film’s world
  6. 6. Varying the length of the shots in relation to each other controls a film’s:
    1. – narrative structure
    2. – mood
    1. – disclosure
    2. – rhythm
    3. – fulfills expectations
  7. 7. What term descries the integrated techniques and concepts that connect us to the story while deliberately concealing the means by which it does?
    1. – Cinematic creativity
    1. – Cinematic narrative
    2. – Cinematic entertainment
    3. – Cinematic language
  8. 8. Which of the following includes events explicit presented in a movie but does NOT include implicit events?
    1. – Diegesis
    2. – Scenario
    3. – Plot
    4. – Narrative
  9. 9. In the old studio system, the film budget consisted of what two categories?
    1. – Above-the-line costs, below-the-line costs
    1. – production costs, postproduction costs
    2. – Direct costs, indirect costs
    3. – Overhead costs, underhead costs
  10. 10. The two major visual components of mise-en-scène are:
    1. – onscreen and offscreen space
    2. – design and composition
    3. – actors and props
    4. open and closed frames
  11. 11. Which is NOT a filmmaking technology?
    1. – film
    2. – video
    3. – analog
    4. – digital
  12. 12. What type of shot generally implies the observer’s superiority to the subject?
    1. – high-angle
    2. – low-angle
    3. – Dutch-angle
    4. – point of view
  13. 13. The viewer’s perception of cinematic space is determined by
    1. – lighting
    2. – the camera’s lens
    3. – acting
    4. – the number of shots within a scene or sequence
  14. 14. A sound is distinguished from others of the same pitch and loudness by its:
    1. – form
    2. – amplitude
    3. – intensity
    4. – quality
  15. 15. Ensemble acting, practicing/preparing for long takes, deep focus photography, and extensive low-angle shots are just some of the innovations advanced by this director:
    1. – John Ford
    2. – Elia Kazan
    3. – Orson Welles
    4. – Quentin Taratino
  16. 16. “A convincing appearance of truth” best defines:
    1. – naturalism 
    2. – verisimilitude
    1. – fantasy
    2. – suspension of disbelief
  17. 17. Which of the following is a formal analysis option for Juno?
    1. – The movie’s treatment of class
    2. – The movie’s depiction of women and childbirth
    3. – The implications of the t-shirt messages displayed by thee film’s characters
    4. – The motif of the empty chair that frames the story
  18. 18. Match the person with the discovery, trend, or invention for which they are best known in film-making:
    1. – Sergei Eisenstein.
    2. E.
    3. Regarded editing as a creative process, and presented opposing forces and makes the viewer reach conclusions about the clash between the two. Ardent advocate of montage.
    4. – George Melies
    5. C.
    6. Credited with being “first narrative artist” and used special effects and joined short, sequential scenes.
    1. – D.W. Griffith
    2. A.
    3. Fundamental discovery in making movies was in the realization that a film sequence must be made up of incomplete shots whose order and selection are governed by drastic necessity.
    4. – Luminere Brothers
    5. B.
    6. Credited with “actuality” film making, also showing deep composition and life in natural settings.
    7. – Edwin Porter
    8. D.
    9. Pioneered multiple camera positions, interior and exterior settings in one movie, and crosscutting and editing.
  19. 19. Manipulation of what formal element is primarily responsible for both stretch and summary relationships between durations?
    1. – Cinematography
    2. – Characterization
    3. – Lighting
    4. – Editing
  20. 20. Dubbing has become easier with the help of:
    1. – digital dialogue dubbing
    2. – digital audio replacement
    3. – automatic dialogue replacement
    4. – avid synchronization
  21. 21. Three-point lighting relies on what kinds of lights?
    1. – Front light, fill light, backlight
    2. – Key light, side light, backlight
    3. – Front light, side light, fill light
    4. – Key light, fill light, backlight
  22. 22. What term refers to a unifying idea that a film expresses through its narrative or imagery?
    1. – Setting
    1. – Presentation
    2. – Storyformula
    3. – Theme
  23. 23. Which of the following is NOT a device used for cinematic invisibility?
    1. – Cutting on action
    2. – Jump cut
    3. – continuity of screen direction
    4. – Fade-in
  24. 24. Staging or putting on an action or scene is…the definition of…
    1. – Kinesis
    2. – Mise-en-scene
    3. – Framing
    4. – Design
  25. 25. Which is the best description of the difference between content and form?
    1. – Content is the subject of an artwork, and form is the means through which that subject is expressed
    2. – Content is the meaning of the movie, and form is what happens in the story
    3. – Content refers to a movie’s look, and form refers to its genre
    4. – Content refers to individual scenes or shots, and form refers to the movie as a whole
  26. 26. The manipulation of time and space is a function of what filmic element?
    1. – Processing
    2. – Fusing
    3. – Postproduction
    4. – Editing
  27. 27. Match the description to the correct part in the dramatic structure:
    1. – Exposition
    2. C.
    3. Provides background info. about characters…and ends with an inciting moment.
    4. – Rising Action
    5. E.
    6. Principal conflict develops.
    7. – Climax
    8. D.
    9. Protagonist faces the major obstacle.
    10. – Crisis
    11. B.
    12. Narrative Peak.
    13. – Resolution
    14. A.
    15. Narrative wraps up loose ends.
  28. 28. What term do we use to describe editing that creates the visual sensation that time has elapsed between shots?
    1. – Ellipsis
    2. – Separation editing
    3. – Time-lapse editing
    4. – Hard cuts
  29. 29. Which of the following best describes the characteristics of experimental film?
    1. – They are typically directed toward fiction
    2. – They are personal, nonconformist critiques of culture and media
    3. -They are star-driven, with cause-and-effect narratives
    4. – They are objective portrayals of real-life situations
  30. 30. Emphasizing importance or meaning can be achieved through the manipulation of:
    1. – Story order
    2. – Plot order
    3. – The film’s diegesis
    4. – Narrative
  31. 31. Which is NOT a type of narration?
    1. – Subjective
    2. – Restricted
    3. – Indirect
    4. – Direct-address
  32. 32. One camera position and everything associated with it is called:
    1. – a shot
    2. – a setup
    3. – a take
    4. – a gaffer
  33. 33. The spatial and temporal environment (whether realistic or imagined) in which the narrative takes place is called:
    1. – the design
    2. – the mise-en-scène
    3. – the setting
    4. – the narrative zone
  34. 34. Your professor doesn’t necessarily agree, but according to the textbook, the antagonist of a movie’s narrative:
    1. – is the central figure
    2. – can be a force of nature
    3. – is a virtuous individual
    4. – has well-motivated actions
  35. 35. A dissolve is conventionally employed to convey:
    1. – ellipsis, or the passing of time
    2. – a sudden, jarring shift in time and/or space
    3. – the omniscient camera
    4. – a sad or melancholy mood
  36. 36. Which of the following organizations is in charge of the Oscars?
    1. – Motion Picture Patents Company
    2. – Motion Picture Association of America
    3. – Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
    4. – Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
  37. 37. A match cut:
    1. – presents an instantaneous and disorienting advance in the action
    2. – helps create a sense of continuity between two shots
    3. – conveys the passage of time
    4. – intercuts two or more lines of action occurring simultaneously but in different spaces
  38. 38. The first dinosaur sighting in the movie JURASSIC PARK is an example of what cinematography technique?
    1. – Dutch angle shot
    2. – Aerial view
    3. – Scale
    4. – Low-angle shot
  39. 39. Which of the following is NOT a major movie type?
    1. – Western
    2. – Narrative
    1. – Documentary
    2. – Experimental
  40. 40. One of the textbook’s typology of actors is “personality actors” — actors or actresses who take their personae from the role. All of the following are example of personality actors EXCEPT:
    1. – Tom Cruise
    2. – Cameron Diaz
    3. – Will Smith
    4. – Cate Blanchett
  41. 41. Which of the following ensures that the viewer is watching a scene in real time?
    1. – a zoom
    2. – a long take
    3. – a slow take
    4. – a sequence
  42. 42. The distance in front of the camera lens in which objects in apparent sharp focus is:
    1. – aperture
    2. – focal length
    3. – depth of filed
    4. – rule of thirds
  43. 43. What term do we use to describe a very common and familiar editing pattern that switches between shots of different characters in conversation, often framed over each character’s shoulder?
    1. – Montage
    2. – Separation editing
    3. – Dialogue editing
    4. – Shot/reverse shot
  44. 44. In filmmaking today, amor studios account for what percentage of gross income?
    1. – 15 percent
    2. – 50 percent
    3. – 80 percent
    4. – 95 percent
  45. 45. What is the primary technique for ensuring consistent screen direction between shots?
    1. – the directional axis of action
    2. – static framing
    3. – the 180-degree system
    4. – the kuleshov effect
  46. 46. Realistic films generally employ the:
    1. – open frame
    2. – closed frame
    3. – enclosed frame
    4. – inclusive frame
  47. 47. According to the text, which of the following genres have a distinctive visual style dependent upon low-key lighting effects?
    1. – Science fiction, Western
    2. – Film noir, horror
    3. – Gangster, Western
    4. – Horror, musical
  48. 48. Which of the following lenses flatters space and depth?
    1. – The zoon lens
    2. – The long-focal-length lens
    3. – The short-focal-length lens
    4. – None of the above
  49. 49. Until the advent of digital animation, what was used to create nearly all feature-length animated films?
    1. – Stop Motion
    1. – Puppets
    2. – Motion capture
    3. – Cel animation
  50. 50. Musical themes are frequently associated with which of the following?
    1. – character
    2. – plot elements
    3. – time period
    4. – location
  51. 51. Determining physical relationships between the actor(s) and the camera is referred to as:
    1. – spacing
    2. – staging
    3. – visualizing
    4. – blocking
  52. 52. The Stanislavsky system evolved into what is known today as…
    1. – Typecast acting
    2. – Method acting
    3. – Improvisational acting
    4. – None of them — you’re making this up, Professor Kerezy
  53. 53. Most film sound is constructed:
    1. – in postproduction
    2. – on the set
    1. – in preproduction
    2. – on location
  54. 54. A shot of someone looking offscreen in one direction followed by a shot of a clock is most likely a(n):
    1. – parallel cut
    2. – eye-line-match cut
    3. – jump cut
    4. – montage
  55. 55. The process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it is called:
    1. – Persistence of vision
    2. – Apparent motion
    3. – The phi phenomenon
    4. – Critical flicker fusion

For film appreciation MJS 1310 exam two part two, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Exam One Part Two Chapters 1-7

1. In the movie Juno, the main character (Juno) makes an important decision in a scene where no words are even spoken. Think of another example from a film in which a key dramatic moment (a decision or a major event) is communicated to the audience without dialogue. What elements of cinematic language make this scene comprehendible? How?

  • The example that I want to give here that has a quiet scene which no dialogue could explain the idea was happening without even pronouncing a word is from one of the good movies which called “Jurassic World” when Owen was hiding from the dinosaur and made a decision by covering himself with the car gas so the dinosaur won’t be able to smell him. It was one of the most scary, quiet and strong scenes in this movie.
  • The element of the cinematic language that made this scene comprehendible was the performance of the actor Chriss Pratt and also the sound and the music when the director made them stop in the moment that Chriss was grabbing his breath waiting for the dinosaur to leave, it was amazing, really, really amazing.
Film Appreciation Exam One Part Two

2. Think of a movie in which the identity of the narrator (not the camera, but rather a character) drastically affects the narration and the narrative itself. How does this narrator contribute to a distinct narration? How, in turn, does this narration lead to a specific narrative? How might the narration and narrative be different if the narrator was different? Identify one possible alternative narrator and discuss at least three ways in which the narration and narrative might change.

  • The movie that I’d like to talk about is the “Titanic”. The identity of the narrator in the movie was the main character who was Rose.
  • Before talking about the character I should say the director did an awesome work by choosing the two characters (The old and the young Rose) They both were perfect by convincing us that they were the same Rose character.
    • Rose (Talking about the both actors), being a narrator and a main character at the same time contributed with making the narration distinct. The way she was telling her own story was more emotional. Her old lady voice that was telling us the story while we were watching her young character going through the whole event. She grabbed our attention with her voice, her great articulate, the way she used the accent, was greatly impressive. She made us believe that there was no difference between the two actors, the old and the young Rose, we believed that they both were the same Rose character.
  • Now this narration led to a specific narrative when Rose explained the event in the right chronological order. She started telling her story from the moment she got into the ship. How her personal life was, her relationship with her mother, her fiancé. And after that, how she met Jack and how the events evolved. Later the mistake that happened and led the ship to drown, how Jack died. Everything Rose listed was organized.
  • If the narrator was different, the narration and narrative become different because the “point of view” differs between the First-Person point of view, and the Second-Person point of view, and the Third-Person point of view.
    • So for example, when the narrator is the actor himself and narrating their own experience in the movie story, then they use the First-Person point of view which is (I, we). “Titanic” movie is an example of that, when Rose was telling her story to her granddaughter.
    • But if the narrator is not the actor himself then they use the Third-Person point of view which is (he, she, they). “Harry Potter” movie is an example of that. The narrator in it was describing everything.
    • And very rarely, the narrator might use the Second-Person point of view in their narrative in purpose of talking with people who are watching the movie, and by this way they use (you). I actually don’t have an example on it, because it’s rare and not common.
Film Appreciation Exam One Part Two

3. In Spam-Ku, the performance of the actor, the time-lapse photography, and the glamorous shots of Spam combine to illustrate how form can make unappealing content seem more appealing.

  • The movie that I decided to choose here is “A Quiet Place.” It’s a horror movie directed by John Krasinski, and starred by Emily Blunt with Lee Abbott.
    • To be honest, I couldn’t find any other movie, because I don’t watch all movie types. So from the movies that I watched I decided to talk about this movie. Actually for me the movie had an attractive content, that’s why I decided to watch it. The directing was amazing, the acting of the actors by using their features only, without pronouncing a letter was highly professional, everything in the movie was nice, even the story was different, and I really didn’t want to mention it here as an unappealing content.
    • But what actually made me feel that I can put this movie here is its idea, that was making no sense, which was talking about living without making sound at all, which is impossible in normal life. You can’t even sneeze or you’ll die! Let’s suppose that we accepted the idea of living without making sound, but what made me reprehend the idea, that the husband and the wife made a mistake by bringing a baby in that place.
    • The wife needed to give birth to the baby without making any sound! And what makes it no sense at all to me, that without phones and without calls, she screamed at the same moment her husband fired the fireworks outside! In normal life, when you are standing beside your wife waiting for her to give birth, you can’t guess the actual moment your wife will scream in, so how about being outside planning to fire the fireworks at the same moment!
    • For me, the movie plot was different but not logical at all. I liked the unfamiliar idea but I didn’t like the foolishness in the scripts. But otherwise everything in the movie was so efficient. The acting again was highly professional, it’s not easy to act a whole movie without making conversations. And the directing was highly amazing.
    • And I’m sorry again for putting this movie here, but the giving birth scene, beside the highly performance of Emily Blunt in it, and beside the strong directing of director John Krasinski of it, for me was making no sense.
Film Appreciation Exam One Part Two

4. How would you define a Western? List and discuss the various elements that are characteristic of a Western. Next, think of a Western you have seen and discuss how it uses these elements in terms of story, conflict, characters, and setting. Finally come up a brief description of your own Western movie. Your idea must contain four elements: story, conflict, characters, and setting.

  • I could define a Western film from its genre that revolves around stories primarily set in the late 19th century in the American old West. Most Westerns are set between the American Civil War (1856) and the early 1990s. The American Western film usually revolves around a stoic and emphasizes the importance of honor and sacrifice.
  • “The Revenant” a Western/Adventure movie, directed by Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu. Starred by Leonardo DiCaprio and Tom Hardy.
    • The Story of the movie back to the 1820s. In exactly 1823, frontiersman Hugh Glass (Leonardo DiCaprio) sustained life-threatening injuries from a brutal bear attack while he was running from an Indian tribe. Then his friend (Tom Hardy) who was with him in his hunting team kills his young son (Forrest Goodluck) and leaves Glass for death. But Glass survives this ordeal and starts his long journey to revenge from his friend who betrayed him and left him dying alone.
    • The Conflict in the movie is Human vs. Nature + Revenge from his friend.
    • The Characters in the movie are Leonardo DiCaprio as (Hugh Glass), Tom Hardy as (John Fitzgerald), Paul Anderson as (Anderson), Will Poulter as (Jim Bridger) and Domhnall Gleeson as (Andrew Henry).
    • The settings in the movie were in Montana and South Dakota.
  • I have a story I have written in the year of 2017. It goes back to the 1800s, when there were two old tourism companies, one of them was owned by a man called “D” and the other company was owned by a man called “T”. Where D’s company is more stronger and more renowned, T decides to plan a murder to get rid of D. After the crime occurs, the eternal curse of revenge spreads out. The conflict in the story is Good vs. Evil + Revenge. The characters are “D” “T” “C”. The settings are not decided yet. To be continued.
Film Appreciation Exam One Part Two

5. Refer to the screening Checklist: Cinematography (p. 269) and “Peak ahead” to page 304 (Ch 7) in answering this extra credit question. Our textbook lists a few examples of long “takes” in motion pictures. The movies BIRTH and TOUCH OF EVIL are listed.

Can you think of movies you’ve seen and liked that have “long takes” in them? List the movie and the director. How does this long take set up or advance the plot in the movie? What makes it so memorable? Add a link if you can find this long take in YouTube or Vimeo or elsewhere and share it with me.

Now go to the eight points on the Cinematography Checklist. How do they apply to the movie/director you identified in the response to this essay question?

  • The movie that I really liked the “long takes” in it was “Harry Potter And The Goblet of Fire” which was directed by J.K Rowling.
  • The long take sets up the plot by first showing the snake getting out of the skeletons, crawling slowly right left while the special harry potter’s soundtrack music is playing, then ends up showing the name of the movie “Harry Potter And The Goblet of Fire”.
  • What actually makes it so memorable to me, is that I was a huge fan of Harry Potter since I was nine years and still till now. I have so many wonderful memories with the movie chapters.
  • For the eight points on the Cinematography Checklist:
    • – The lightning was dim to make it more scary. The lens and the camera movement were working together with the soundtrack. As an overall look the opening scene was so exciting and I loved it.
    • – The image that was covering information that is not reflected in characters’ action and dialogue is the skeletons and the snake.
    • – The special effects were used in the movie especially in the magic stick scenes. And they were used pretty perfectly so could make us believe that this magic is real and not just screen effects.
    • – There was a low-angle shot at the beginning. Later a high-angle shot when the opening scene ended and the movie started.
    • – The composition contributes to the scene overall, when the snake appears crawling in the opening scene and later appears crawling in the room while whispering.
    • – The colors in this scene were dim and ranging between black and gray with dark blue and some dark green.
    • – The camera movements at the end of the scene were making us feel that we are in the same place where the old man was in. The camera was showing us what the man was seeing when he was walking beside the walls trying to understand what was going on inside the room, and what they were exactly talking about.
    • – When the cinematography calls attention to itself it is an intentional thing, because without doing this, the movie would not get the audience’s attention. So the purpose is to get the audience’s attention.
Film Appreciation Exam One Part Two

For film appreciation MJS 1310 exam two part one, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Exam One Part One Chapters 1-7

  1. 1. In digital animation, animators manipulate virtual skeletons or objects frame-by-frame on computers.
    • – True
    • – False
  2. 2. Which of the following is a modern example of film noir?
    • – The Godfather (1972)
    • – L.A. Confidential (1997)
    • – Raising Arizona (1987)
    • – Unforgiven (1992)
    • – An Inconvenient Truth (2006)
  3. 3. The thematic conflict in westerns is generally between _________.
    1. – the good guy and the bad guy
    2. – law men and outlaws
    3. – cowboys and Indians
    4. – wilderness and civilization
    5. – freedom and captivity
  4. 4. Costumes dress the character but do not necessarily help tell a movie’s story.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  5. 5. American Beauty (1999) uses color for symbolic emphasis.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  6. 6. Before we can effectively interpret a movie as a cultural artifact, we must first understand how that artifact _________.
    1. – was found
    2. – functions
    3. – fits in the story
    4. – fails on its own
    5. – fulfills expectations
  7. 7. _________ is the phrase that denotes the accepted systems, methods, and conventions by which the movies communicate with the viewer.
    1. – National distribution
    2. – Cinematic language
    3. – Interpretational distribution
    4. – Cinematic marketing
    5. – Cinema de France
  8. 8. Ridley Scott’s Gladiator (2000) is convincing and believable because it adheres to the cinematic conventions established by previous movies about the ancient world, including Stanley Kubrick’s Spartacus (1960).
    1. – True
    2. – False
  9. 9. What are the two primary elements of composition in movies?
    1. – framing and kinesis
    2. – in frame and out of frame
    3. – light and shadow
    4. – color and texture
    5. – human figures and scenery
  10. 10. Parallel editing is the only means of creating and exploiting patterns in movies.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  11. 11. The better mise-en-scène fits the rest of the film’s elements, the more likely it is to be taken for granted.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  12. 12. The parallel action sequences in The Silence of the Lambs (1991), Way down East (1920), and The Godfather (1972) are evidence of cinema’s ability to use _________ to represent multiple, simultaneous events.
    1. – split screen
    2. – crosscutting
    3. – fades
    4. – dissolves
    5. – individual shots
  13. 13. Movies can be broken down into specific, strict categories by the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  14. 14. Which of the following describes comic book movies?
    1. – an emerging genre
    2. – a short-term fad and not a genre
    3. – a subgenre of action films
    4. – a subgenre of animation films
    5. – a subgenre of several genres
  15. 15. In The Night of the Hunter (1955) what struggle does the stark black-and-white lighting emphasize?
    1. – the races
    2. – good and evil
    3. – highs and lows
    4. – internal and external forces
    5. – the North and the South
  16. 16. For scholars interested in interpreting the relationship between culture and cinema, opportunities for various approaches are _________.
    1. – limited 
    2. – limitless
    3. – limited to narrative
    4. – limited by cultural bias
    5. – lacking aesthetic distance
  17. 17. What does the term “uncanny valley” result from?
    1. – film noir techniques being applied to animation
    2. – characters rendered in a highly stylized manner
    3. – characters with a high level of detail and sympathetic ways
    4. – a very high level of verisimilitude
    5. – a very low level of verisimilitude
  18. 18. When played by Sam in Casablanca (1942), the song “As Time Goes By” is diegetic music because it occurs within the world of the story.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  19. 19. Surprise is the anxiety brought on by a partial uncertainty; the end is certain but the means is uncertain.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  20. 20. Because it is less common that summary, the _________ is often used to highlight a plot event.
    1. – stretch relationship
    2. – interpersonal relationship
    3. – character-to-action relationship
    4. – real-time relationship
    5. – storyboard
  21. 21. Only movies can record real time chronologically as well as subjectively.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  22. 22. In Stagecoach (1939) John Ford establishes and reinforces ideological and emotional differences by alternating between _________.
    1. – stories of the settlers and stories of the Apaches
    2. – shots from an omniscient point of view and shots from each character’s point of view
    3. – shots in bright light and shots in shadow or darkness
    4. – pagan points of view and Christian points of view
    5. – shots of infants being born and shots of men dying
  23. 23. In digital animation, animators manipulate virtual skeletons or objects frame-by-frame on computers.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  24. 24. What does stop-motion record?
    1. – fast-moving objects at very slow speeds
    2. – movements of objects manipulated between frames
    3. – athletic figures in slow motion
    4. – wire figures in front of a green screen
    5. – wire figures in front of a blue screen
  25. 25. The filmmaker’s intent is an important element to consider when preparing a formal analysis.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  26. 26. Audiences associate particular camera formats and techniques with reality.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  27. 27. The conventions that make up cinematic language are not flexible.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  28. 28. Movies convey and imply smaller, more specific doses of both explicit and implicit meaning in virtually every scene.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  29. 29. Which term describes one-dimensional characters who possess very few discernable traits and whose motives and actions are generally predictable and known?
    1. – round characters
    2. – leading characters
    3. – supporting characters
    4. – flat characters
    5. – all characters
  30. 30. Who is responsible for many aspects of continuity, including wigs?
    1. – costume crew
    2. – script supervisor
    3. – makeup crew
    4. – continuity director
    5. – daily supervisor
  31. 31. A thorough first viewing is better than repeated viewings to obtain the aesthetic distance required for critical observation.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  32. 32. What is the English translation of the title of Akira Kurosawa’s film Ikiru (1952)?
    1. – freedom
    2. – to live
    3. – revenge
    4. – papers
    5. – family
  33. 33. The film Juno (2007) is _________.
    1. – pro-abortion
    2. – pro-right to life
    3. – pro-family
    4. – antifamily
    5. – subject to interpretation
  34. 34. Audiences do not harbor any essential expectations concerning a film’s form and organization.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  35. 35. We generally need no explanation of a character behaves in a way that disrupts the verisimilitude.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  36. 36. Who is a character that opposes the protagonist and is usually considered the bad guy?
    1. – major character
    2. – protagonist
    3. – antagonist
    4. – leading man
    5. – title character
  37. 37. The audience identifies primarily with the _________.
    1. – antagonist
    2. – protagonist
    3. – director’s point of view
    4. – screenwriter’s intent
    5. – camera lens
  38. 38. What kind of narrations occur when a character breaks the “fourth wall”?
    1. – direct-address
    2. – first-person
    3. – voice-over
    4. – unrestricted
    5. – restricted
  39. 39. If a painting of film realistically depicts a recognizable subject, its form is _________.
    1. – presentational
    2. – artistically valid
    3. – representational
    4. – fictionalized reality
    5. – narrative
  40. 40. What do we call a movie’s uninterrupted running time on screen?
    1. – screen duration
    2. – plot duration
    3. – story duration
    4. – stretch relationship
    5. – summary relationship
  41. 41. For each scene, the director plans and rehearses the position and movement of the actors and cameras in a process known as what?
    1. – staging
    2. – blocking
    3. – positioning
    4. – shaping
    5. – storyboarding
  42. 42. How do characters move within an open frame?
    1. – characters move freely within the environment
    2. – characters have complete freedom within the undefined limits of the frame
    3. – characters are acted upon only by forces from outside of the frame
    4. – characters move freely between the open and closed frame
    5. – characters are openly robbed of their free will
  43. 43. Often the people making movies may be just as oblivious to the cultural attitudes shaping their cinematic stories as the people who watch them.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  44. 44. The setting of a film does not generally govern the design of the costumes.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  45. 45. The viewfinder is the border between what the filmmaker wants to see and everything else.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  46. 46. Love Me Tonight (1932) is considered the first contemporary musical. 
    1. – True
    2. – False
  47. 47. Narrative and documentary films differ in terms of allegiance.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  48. 48. If a camera adjusts to see what the actor sees each time he or she turns his or her head, it is called taking the actor’s _________.
    1. – place
    2. – point of view
    3. – focus
    4. – attitude into consideration
    5. – self-awareness
  49. 49. Richard Kelly’s film Donnie Darko (2001) shifts back and forth between the _________.
    1. – fantastic and realistic
    2. – normal and film noir
    1. – narrative and documentary
    2. – demon and rabbit
    3. – beginning and end
  50. 50. A marketable finished screenplay must conform to industry expectations regarding format and style.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  51. 51. The fundamentals of film are that movies depend on light, provide an illusion of movement, and do not manipulate space and time.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  52. 52. Experimental movies employ general narrative structures.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  53. 53. Related to duration and setting is _________ the overall range, in time and place, of a movie’s story.
    1. – plot
    2. – action
    3. – scope
    4. – narrative
    5. – concept
  54. 54. Is American Beauty (1999) an open or a closed film?
    1. – a closed film
    2. – an open film
    3. – both an open and a closed film
    4. – neither an open nor a closed film
    5. – open or closed, depending on your point of view
  55. 55. Today’s actors tend to play a wider variety of roles than they would have in the 1930s and 1940s.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  56. 56. Diligent viewers can consciously consider everything they see in a movie.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  57. 57. Unlike many other aspects of filmmaking, conventions of plot order have not been established and challenged over the course of film history.
    1. – True
    2. – False
  58. 58. In any plot, a logical hierarchy includes the events that seem crucial to the plot, as well as the events that play a less crucial or even subordinate role.
    1. – True
    2. – False

For film appreciation MJS 1310 exam one part two, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Eleven MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Eleven (HOW THE MOVIES ARE MADE)

1. Of what does the first stage of film production, preproduction, consist? (planning and preparation)

2. What are the three filmmaking technologies? (digital, film and video)

3. Dominating the markets worldwide, independent producers continue to redefine the nature of movie production in the United States. (False)

4. Film stock speed is the number of feet, meters, or reels used per hour of actual shooting time. (False)

5. United Artists was essentially a distribution company and not a studio at all. (True)

6. Today’s average film costs about 100 million dollars to produce and market. (True)

7. The history of Hollywood’s production systems is composed of three basic periods: the studio system, the independent system, and the current system that basically combines the studio and independent systems. (True)

8. Professional-grade digital technology does have to go through a laboratory process, but it is far simpler and less expensive than film stock. (False)

9. Orson Welles completed his landmark film, Citizen Kane (1941), in four years and spent over twice his budget because of his extensive planning. (False)

10. Production, the actual shooting of a film, can typically last from six weeks to several months. (True)

11. A film’s rating, given by the Motion Picture Society of America (MPSA), helps determine the marketing of a film. (False)

12. What was the amount of exposed hours of film for every hour actually used in Francis Ford Coppola’s landmark film Apocalypse Now (1979)? (115)

13. The success of early independent producers proved the viability and profit-making potential of an alternate approach to the studio system. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 exam one part one, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Ten MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Ten (FILM HISTORY)

1. The French avant-garde movement included artists and intellectuals who took their inspiration from previous French filmmakers as well as from _________. (Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud)

2. Film historians Robert C. Allen and Douglas Gomery said that “Film history is predominantly a list of film titles, or an academically respectable trivia contest.” (False)

3. By 1912, there were at least 60 small movie studios operating in Hollywood. (False)

4. Quentin Taratino, who loves unexpected juxtapositions and surprise endings, probably took inspiration from: (French avant-garde)

5. By teaching you how to look at movies in a critically aware way, film history provides you with the _________ and _________ to understand and evaluate both yesterday’s and today’s movies. (perspective; context)

6. Neorealists sought out rather complex working methods to produce the simple, documentary visual styles in their films. (False)

7. Hong Kong is primarily associated with the martial arts genre of movies. (True)

8. Although dadaism actually preceded surrealism, the two coexisted almost interchangeably in 1920s France. (True)

9. Georges Méliès is credited with inventing stop-motion photography. (True)

10. One definition of a classical film is that it continues to have the same truths and mean the same things to people at different times in their lives. (False)

11. The years following World War II gave filmmakers the opportunity to express their nation’s identity in what we call national cinema. (True)

12. Under the influence of such directors as Francis Ford Coppola and George Lucas, sound became a much more important element, and the technology behind it flourished (True)

13. Charles Foster Kane, the title character in Citizen Kane (1941), was almost certainly modeled after an actual newspaper tycoon. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter eleven quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Nine MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Nine (SOUND)

1. A significant portion of the dialogue and all of the sound and music effects are created during post production. (True)

2. “Film music” may not emanate from sources within the story. (False)

3. Movie speech can take many forms other than dialogue. (True)

4. Prior to the 1970s, the vast majority of producers and directors thought about sound only after the picture was shot. (True)

5. For most narrative films, sound provides clues that help us do what? (form expectations)

6. In film terms, “sound track” can mean either a single element on a recorded track or the entire compilation of music released for consumers. (True)

7. A screaming person’s voice (but not picture) that is replaced with a train whistle at the exact moment and precise length of the “scream” is an excellent example of faithful sound. (False)

8. By source, we mean the actual location from which a sound originates, not the implied location. (False)

9. What type of sound is the only one typically recorded during production? (dialogue)

10. Sound design is integral only to the preproduction and postproduction phases of production. (False)

11. Silence can be a sound. (True)

12. In motion picture production, today’s sound is _________ to the image. (not subordinate)

13. A movie’s nondiegetic musical score cannot be heard by the characters onscreen and therefore is not part of the sound mise-en-scène. (False)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter ten quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Eight MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Eight (EDITING)

1. Once the axis of action is determined, the camera can operate on either side of the line. (False)

2. Both parallel editing and crosscutting permit us to experience at least two sides of related actions. (True)

3. Lev Kuleshov discovered that two shots _________ any actual relationship to one another if the first shot is an action followed by another shot that is a reaction. (need not have)

4. Continuity and discontinuity are absolute polar-opposite values and are not simply tendencies along some imagined continuum. (False)

5. The most fundamental assumption behind all film editing is that viewers tend to interpret shots in relation to surrounding shots. (True)

6. To understand the editing of any movie, we need to know what action occurs in the scene, how the scene has been photographed, and what editing pattern holds the shots together. (True)

7. To establish a spatial relationship between shots, the editor needs to ensure that there is a real space whose dimensions correspond to the space implied by editing. (False)

8. Graphic matches often match unique forms and colors together, but avoid basic shapes like circles and squares. (False)

9. The editor is responsible for managing the following aspects of the final film: (spatial relationships and temporal relationships between shots, overall rhythm of the film)

10. Most master shots are essentially one long or extremely long shot that covers all the action. (True)

11. As you watch a movie, you see mise-en-scène, you hear dialogue and other sounds, but you feel editing. (True)

12. The iris-in and iris-out are special effects transitions that are made in the laboratory and not with the camera’s iris diaphragm. (True)

13. The technique for the actual joining together of two shots is often called _________ or _________. (cutting … splicing)

14. The master shot, like medium shots and close-ups, can be photographed from many different angles or setups. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter nine quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Seven MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Seven (ACTING)

1. The most revealing indicator that separates the “old” from the “new” Hollywood for actors is the freedom to choose roles and negotiate earnings. (True)

2. Movie actors have the additional burden over stage actors of having to create _________ between related shots. (continuity)

3. Traditionally movie sets have been closed to most visitors except the media. (False)

4. The use of computer-generated technology to replace actors is one side effect of our current fascination with virtual reality. (True)

5. For many movie actors, what is the real key to their careers? (persona)

6. Our interest in a movie is almost always sparked by the actors featured in it. (True)

7. Over what aspect of filmmaking do directors have the least precise control? (Acting)

8. The people on the screen in the very first movies were ordinary people cast in extraordinary roles. (False)

9. Experienced screen actors know that the essential relationship is between them and whom? (The lens)

10. Framing and composition can neither bring actors together nor keep them apart in a shot. (False)

11. Who said, “If you can think it, you can make the audience know it…. On stage it’s mannerisms. On the screen, your range is shown in your eyes”? (Frank Capra)

12. The greatest challenge to acting that early movie actors faced was the conversion from silent to sound production. (True)

13. A “movie star” actor is really two people: the actor and the character(s) he or she has played. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter eight quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Six MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Six (CINEMATOGRAPHY)

1. An eye-level shot is made from the observer’s eye level and usually implies a neutral position. (True)

2. Special effects can be in-camera effects, mechanical effects, or laboratory effects. (True)

3. Multiple Oscar-winner for cinematography Freddie Young said that a cinematographer “stands where the _________ meets the _________ of the film process.” (imagination; reality)

4. The various aspects of lighting work together with other elements to determine film speed and focus. (True)

5. The point of view (POV) as illustrated by the camera can be an individual or a group POV. (True)

6. What is the distinguishing quality of black-and-white film stock? (tonality)

7. The quality of light refers to hard or soft lighting. (True)

8. John Ford’s She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949) was set in Monument Valley, as was his seminal film Stagecoach (1939), but the use of color from this iconographic location for westerns was not accepted by audiences or critics until his final film, The Searchers (1956), was shot there. (False)

9. Direct-to-digital media is not yet considered an alternative to film stock. (False)

10. The camera crew consists of the camera operator, the gaffer, best boy, and grips; the DP, the first AC, and the second AC are all part of the director’s crew. (False)

11. What is the property of the lens that permits the cinematographer to decide which planes will be in focus? (depth of field)

12. The best-known lighting convention in feature filmmaking is the _________. (three-point system)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter seven quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Five MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Five (MISE-EN-SCÈNE)

1. What is the literal meaning of the French phrase mise-en-scène? (staging a scene)

2. American Beauty (1999) uses color for symbolic emphasis. (True)

3. It is the combination of elements within the _________ that provides the overall meaning of the shot or scene. (frame)

4. The viewfinder is the border between what the filmmaker wants to see and everything else. (False)

5. Until the 1960s, actors in almost every kind of film, period or modern, were required to wear wigs. (True)

6. Traditionally, whether films took place in modern or historical settings, stars’ make-up invariably reflected the correct time period. (False)

7. During the studio years, hairstyles were based on modified modern looks rather than on the period authenticity favored in costuming. (True)

8. The setting of a film does not generally govern the design of the costumes. (False)

9. Onscreen space makes us aware of things outside of the frame. (False)

10. The better mise-en-scène fits the rest of the film’s elements, the more likely it is to be taken for granted. (True)

11. Today’s actors tend to play a wider variety of roles than they would have in the 1930s and 1940s. (True)

12. The creation of a movie’s mise-en-scène is nearly always the product of _________. (very detailed planning)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter six quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Four MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Four (ELEMENTS OF NARRATIVE)

1. In any plot, a logical hierarchy includes the events that seem crucial to the plot, as well as the events that play a less crucial or even subordinate role. (True)

2. Who first outlined the fundamentals of narrative theory that exist even today? (Aristotle)

3. A storyboard is only a graphical representation of the director’s conception of the film. (False)

4. At its simplest level, a movie’s _________ is the telling of its story. (narrative)

5. How is the radical plot order that Orson Welles used in Citizen Kane (1941) now regarded? (as conventional)

6. During the preproduction phase, the story is referred to as the _________ and may be an idea, outline, or completed script that the writer has “pitched” to the producer. “property”

7. The terms story and plot are interchangeable when we write and speak about movies. (False)

8. We generally need no explanation if a character behaves in a way that disrupts the verisimilitude. (False)

9. The real-time relationship is the most common of the three relationships between screen duration and plot duration. (False)

10. When played by Sam in Casablanca (1942), the song “As Time Goes By” is diegetic music because it occurs within the world of the story. (True)

11. What is the term for the things that we see and hear on the screen but that come from outside the world of the story, like background music, titles, credits, and voice-overs? (non-diegetic elements)

12. In most traditional narrative movies, editing devices punctuate the flow of the narrative and indicate that the images occur in cinematic time, not real time. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter five quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Three MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Three (TYPES OF MOVIES)

1. What are the four basic approaches to documentary film? (factual, instructional, persuasive, propaganda)

2. In digital animation, animators manipulate virtual skeletons or objects frame-by-frame on computers. (True)

3. Most science fiction films are about science gone wrong. (False)

4. Thomas Edison shot the film Cripple Creek Bar-Room Scene (1899). (True)

5. Gangster films are culturally specific. (True)

6. The anti-hero is also known as the antagonist. (False)

7. What are the three major types of movies? (narrative, documentary, and experimental)

8. Frankenstein (1931) was one of the movies that helped begin an on-again, off-again “golden age” of Hollywood horror genre movies. (True)

9. The French term film noir translates into English as “new film.” (False)

10. Experimental films do not invite individual interpretation. (False)

11. Experimental films are not commercial. (True)

12.* Who works under art directors? (Set Dressers, Properties, Greenery, Location Scouts, Scenic Painters)

13.* What are the types of movies? (narrative movies, documentary movies, experimental movies)

14.* What are the six major American genres? (gangster, film noir, science fiction, horror, the western, the musical)

15.* Animation is regularly classified as a distinct type of motion picture. (True)

16.* What are the two forms that Antagonists come in? (law enforcement agents, fellow gangster)

17.* The antihero is the unconventional central character that overcome obstacles, take risks, and suffer consequences. (True)

18.* What are the four basic approaches of the documentary films? (factual films, instructional films, persuasive films, propaganda films)

19.* The dramatic camera movements emphasize details and link them to the narration and historical observations. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter four quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter Two MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation Chapter Two (PRINCIPLES OF FILM FORM)

1. The conventions that make up cinematic language are not flexible. (False)

2. The most acute human eye can discern no more than fifty pulses of light per second. (True)

3. Audiences associate particular camera formats and techniques with reality. (True)

4. In Donnie Darko (2001), the director (Richard Kelly) uses a typical AB shot/reverse shot pattern with Eddie (the father) and Donnie (the son) driving home after school for a simple two-person conversation. We see the point of view of Eddie or Donnie in the sequence. How does the director “jolt” us in the scene? (We see a look of horror on Donnie’s face, then see a view of a lady in the road just ahead, about to be run over. The dad’s cell phone goes off)

5. The fundamentals of film form are that movies depend on light, provide an illusion of movement, and do not manipulate space and time. (False)

6. Ridley Scott’s Gladiator (2000) is convincing and believable because it adheres to the cinematic conventions established by previous movies about the ancient world, including Stanley Kubrick’s Spartacus (1960). (True)

7. In movies, patterns may be formed by narrative, shot sequences, or non narrative elements. (True)

8. Various approaches to rearranging time allow filmmakers to create narrative meanings. (True)

9. Various forms shape our emotional and intellectual responses to a movie’s subject matter. (True)

10. Parallel editing is the only means of creating and exploiting patterns in movies. (False)

11. _________ is the subject of an artwork, and _________ is the means by which the subject is expressed. (Content; form)

12. Familiar sound effects or motifs from a movie’s score are also important components of film form. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter three quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation

Film Appreciation Chapter One MJS 1310 Quiz Answers

Film Appreciation MJS 1310 is a class that I was required to take in order to finish my degree requirements. I saved the answers of the quizzes I took, it may help you too while you are taking this class

Film Appreciation Chapter One (LOOKING AT MOVIES)

1. Movies convey and imply smaller, more specific doings of both explicit and implicit meaning in virtually every scene. (True)

2. An explicit meaning that lies below the surface of a movie’s story is closest to our everyday sense of the word meaning. (False)

3. The filmmaker’s intent is an important element to consider when preparing a formal analysis. (True)

4. It is not really possible to read more meaning into a particular visual or audio component of a film than the filmmaker intended. (False)

5. Audiences do not harbor any essential expectations concerning a film’s form and organization. (False)

6. Almost all commercial feature-length movies share this basic characteristic: _________. (narrative)

7. Movies have evolved into a complex form of artistic representation: (in just over a hundred years)

8. Explicit meanings are available on the surface of a movie. (True)

9. Often the people making movies may be just as obvious to the cultural attitudes shaping their cinematic stories as the people who watch them. (True)

10. A thorough first viewing is better than repeated viewings to obtain the aesthetic distance required for critical observation. (False)

11. One is required to like a movie in order to learn from it. (False)

12. Thanks to DVDs, VCRs, and TiVo, you can now watch a movie much the same way you read a book. (True)

For film appreciation MJS 1310 chapter two quiz answers, please visit this link Film Appreciation