Film Appreciation Chapters Summary 1-9

  • Chapter One (Looking At Movies)
  • The Implicit Meaning: The deep meaning of the movie, or the message that the director wants the viewers to get.
  • The Explicit Meaning: The outside meaning of the movie that is clear and shown to the viewers.
  • Chapter Two (Principles of Film Form)
  • Plot, Attraction, Theme, Acting, Dialogue, Cinematography, Editing, Sound, Directing.
  • Chapter Three (Types of Movies)
  • Movie Type: What type the movie might be (Action, Mystery, Adventure, Thriller, Crime, Horror, Fantasy, Drama, Comedy, Romance, Biographical, Documentary, War, History, Western, Noir, Animation, and Science Fiction).
  • Chapter Four (Elements of Narrative)
  • Story Telling, Context.
  • Chapter Five (Miss-en-scene)
  • Setting: The place where the movie was taken.
  • Prop: A project that the character carries.
  • Lighting: The type of lighting that was used in the movie, if it’s dim or light.
  • Costumes: The outfits that the characters wear.
  • Makeup: The types of makeup that were used.
  • Chapter Six (Cinematography)
  • Close-Up: It’s a used technique to show the reactions on the character’s face in a close way.
  • Extreme Close-Up: A very close technique to show the very close features.
  • Extreme Long Shot: It’s a shot that covers a wider area.
  • Dolly Shot: It is looking at the subject and walking toward or it could be also following along the subject.
  • Crane Shot: It is a shot taken by a camera on a moving crane or jib.
  • High-Angle Shot: It is a cinematic technique where the camera looks down.
  • Low-Angle Shot: It is a shot from a camera angle position anywhere below the eye line.
  • Medium Shot: It is called a waist shot, it is a camera angle shot from a medium distance.
  • Point of View Shot: Seeing how the character is looking at a place or something.
  • Diegetic Sound: Is a song or music that is in the world of a film.
  • Non-Diegetic Sound: Is a song or music that is not in the world of a film.
  • Side Lighting: A light that is from one side of the photography subject.
  • Back lighting: A light that is from behind the photography subject.
  • Chapter Seven (Acting)
  • Characters: The actors who play roles in a movie.
  • Performance: It is how professional a level of acting is.
  • Chapter Eight (Editing)
  • Continuity Editing: It is the process of combining more-or-less related shots.
  • Discontinuity Editing: It is where the film doesn’t follow the conventional chronological order, the movie might use a flashback or when a film starts at the end or at the middle of things.
  • Parallel Editing: It is a technique of alternating two or more scenes that often happen simultaneously but in different locations.
  • Rhythm of Editing: It is when the relations between shots functions to control film pace.
  • Match Cuts (Verbal/Visual): It cuts from one shot to a similar shot by either matching the action or the composition. It could be visual; like someone imagining an action in some place but then realizing he was back to real life. Or verbal; like someone screaming and then the director put the train sound similar to the screams sound.
  • Shot/Reverse Shot: It is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character.
  • Types of Transition:
    • Cut: An abrupt film transition from one sequence to another.
    • Fade in/out: A transition to and from a blank image.
    • Dissolve (overlapping): Gradual transition from one image to another.
    • Wipe: One shot replaces another by traveling from one side of the frame to another.
    • Iris: Circular masking closes the picture to a black screen.
  • Chapter Nine (Sound)
  • Music: The music that is made especially for the movie, like the “Godfather” music.
  • Background: Different song, music that is used in the movie scenes.
  • Sound Effect: The effects that the director uses to make the viewer get more in the movie world.

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